Europe is the second smallest continent in the world in terms of land area, larger only than Oceania. In terms of population, it ranks fourth after Asia, Africa, and the Americas.
Europe is divided into various regions according to the United Nations Geoscheme, including Western Europe (9 countries), Eastern Europe (10 countries), Southern Europe (15 countries), and Northern Europe (10 countries). This classification excludes transcontinental countries.
Europe is the cradle of many civilizations and cultures, representing a convergence of numerous mysteries that historians and archaeologists continue to explore.